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What is Laptop?


A laptop, which sometimes is refered to as a notebook computer, is a type of personal computer (PC) that runs on battery or AC power and is smaller than a briefcase. Due to its compact size and portability, a laptop can be conveniently carried around and used in various temporary locations such as in airplanes, at libraries, away from home, and meetings.

Related glossary terms;

Also relates to our Gooroo Technical Services laptop repairs services page.

In Detail! Laptop

The non-TL;DR version;

Types of Laptops

Laptops come in various shapes and sizes, each designed to suit different needs. Some of the common types of laptops are:

  • Ultrabooks: High-performance laptops that prioritise thinness and weight, featuring powerful processors, fast SSD storage, and long battery life. Ultrabooks are ideal for business professionals, students, and travellers seeking a balance between performance and portability.
  • Gaming Laptops: These laptops are specifically designed for gamers, featuring powerful processors, dedicated graphics cards, and high-quality displays with fast refresh rates. They often have customisable RGB lighting and are built with advanced cooling systems to handle the heat generated during intensive gaming sessions.
  • 2-in-1 Laptops: Also known as convertible or hybrid laptops, 2-in-1 devices combine the functionality of a laptop and a tablet. They typically feature a touchscreen and a hinge that allows the display to fold or detach, making them versatile for various use cases.
  • Workstations: High-performance laptops tailored for professional users who require advanced computing capabilities. Workstations usually come with powerful processors, abundant memory, and dedicated graphics cards, making them suitable for tasks such as 3D rendering, video editing, and running resource-intensive applications.

Laptop Features and Unique Characteristics

Laptops have several unique features that make them stand out from desktop computers. Some of these features include:

  • Portability: Laptops are highly portable, making them convenient to carry around and use on the go.
  • Battery Power: Unlike desktop computers, laptops come with a rechargeable battery that can last for several hours, allowing users to work even when there is no power source nearby.
  • Built-in Webcam: Most laptops come with a built-in webcam, making it easy to participate in video conferences or take pictures and record videos.

Differences Between Laptops and Desktops

Although laptops and desktops serve the same purpose, they differ in several ways. Some of the notable differences include:

  • Portability: Laptops are highly portable, while desktops are not.
  • Performance: Laptops usually have less processing power and storage space compared to desktops.
  • Upgradeability: It’s easier to upgrade a desktop computer’s hardware compared to a laptop.

Popular Laptop Brands

  • Apple: Known for their sleek design, macOS operating system, and high-quality components, Apple’s MacBook line includes the MacBook Air and MacBook Pro models.
  • Dell: Offering a wide range of laptops, including the XPS, Inspiron, and Latitude series, Dell caters to various user needs, from casual users to business professionals.
  • HP: HP’s diverse selection of laptops, such as
  • the Pavilion, Envy, Spectre, and EliteBook series, provides options for users with different requirements and budgets, from everyday computing to high-performance workstations.
  • Lenovo: With their popular ThinkPad and IdeaPad series, Lenovo offers reliable and durable laptops for business professionals, students, and general users.
  • ASUS: Known for their innovative designs and high-quality components, ASUS provides a variety of laptops, including the ZenBook, VivoBook, and ROG (Republic of Gamers) series, catering to different user needs, from ultraportable options to gaming powerhouses.
  • Acer: Acer’s lineup of laptops, such as the Aspire, Swift, and Predator series, covers a wide range of user needs, from budget-friendly options to high-performance gaming machines.

Tips for Choosing the Right Laptop

  • Determine your needs: Assess what you primarily intend to use the laptop for, whether it’s gaming, video editing, everyday computing, or professional work.
  • Set a budget: Laptops can range in price from a few hundred to several thousand dollars. Establish a budget to help narrow down your options.
  • Research specifications and Repair costs: Familiarise yourself with essential laptop components, such as processors, RAM, storage, graphics cards, and displays, to better understand how they will impact performance and user experience.
  • Laptop Repairs and Warranty: Evaluate the potential costs of laptop repairs and available warranty options; a 1-year return-to-base versus a 3-year onsite warranty are crucial factors to consider.
  • Read reviews: Check online reviews and expert opinions to learn more about the laptops you’re considering and compare their features and performance.
  • Test in person: If possible, visit a store to test the laptop’s keyboard, touchpad, display, and overall build quality before making a final decision.

History of Laptops

The first portable computer, the Osborne 1, was released in 1981. However, it was not until 1983 that the first laptop computer, the Grid Compass, was released. Over the years, laptops have undergone significant improvements in terms of design, performance, and features, making them an essential device for individuals and businesses worldwide.

In conclusion, laptops are versatile devices that have revolutionised the way we work, learn, and communicate. With their unique features and portability, laptops have become an indispensable tool for professionals, students, and anyone who needs to stay connected on the go.

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